Where a Decent Man Can Breathe Freely: 49th Parallel (1941)


“We are German!”

“Okay. Why yell about it? Moi, j’ai compris. You German. I’m Canadian, he Canadian and he Canadian.”

Johnnie (Laurence Olivier), a French Canadian trapper confronted by Nazi invaders, is making a simple statement of fact, but it also implies something more profound — something, perhaps, that these Nazis can’t even comprehend. After all, the other two Canadians to whom he’s referring are Albert (Finlay Currie), an older man with a Scottish accent, and Nick (Ley On), an Eskimo. Although the three of them may seem to have little in common on the surface, they’re united by the country in which they all live, and their diversity — their individuality — is a key part of that country’s strength.

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A Day in the Lives: Billy Liar (1963)

Billy Bed

Throughout the opening credits of John Schlesinger’s 1963 film Billy Liar, the camera pans along lines of buildings in a northern English town. Although there’s some diversity of styles from shot to shot — apartment blocks, row homes, Tudor cottages — each row in and of itself is strikingly unvaried and repetitive, and the overall effect is of a certain dull monotony. A radio show aimed at housewives provides accompaniment as these images roll past, creating the impression that all of the homes, regardless of their appearances, are united by mundane domesticity. However, within the walls of one of them, a young man named Billy Fisher (Tom Courtenay) is daydreaming about a much more thrilling existence.

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